They were a people of female warriors and hunters, who matched man in physical agility and strength, in archery, riding skills and the arts of combat.
Their society was closed for men and they only raised their daughters and either killed their sons or returned them to their fathers, with whom they would only socialize briefly in order to reproduce.Courageous and fiercely independent, the Amazons, commanded by their queen, regularly undertook extensive military expeditions into the far corners of the world, from Scythia to Thrace, Asia Minor and the Aegean Islands, reaching as far as Arabia and Egypt.
Besides military raids, the Amazons are also associated with the foundation of temples and the establishment of numerous ancient cities like Ephesos, Cyme, Smyrna, Sinope, Myrina, Magnesia, Pygela, etc.The texts of the original myths envisioned the homeland of the Amazons at the periphery of the then known world.
Various claims to the exact place ranged from provinces in Asia Minor to the steppes around the Black Sea, in Libya, even.
However, authors most frequently referred to Pontus in northern Anatolia, at the southern shores of the Black Sea as the independent Amazon kingdom where the Amazon queen resided at her capital Themiscyra at the banks of the Thermodon river.Palaephatus, who himself might have been a fictional character, attempted to rationalize the Greek myths in his work On Unbelievable Tales.
He suspected that the Amazons were probably men who were mistaken for women by their enemies because they wore clothing that reached their feet, tied up their hair in headbands and shaved their beards.
Probably the first in a long line of skeptics, he rejected any real basis for them as because they did not exist during his time, most probably they did nοt exist in the past either.Decades of archaeological discoveries of countless burial sites of female warriors, including royalty, in the Eurasian Steppes prove that the horse cultures of Scythian, Sarmatian, Hittite and other women have inspired and fundamentally defined the Amazon myth.
In 2019 a grave with multiple generations of female Scythian warriors, armed and in golden headdresses, was found near Russia's Voronezh.Read more