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Yes—We are Divided, But It's Not Just Politics and Media...
13 hours ago
Source: Cottonbro/Pexels Since the days of John Snow’s cholera maps of 1850s London, epidemiologists have taken advantage of geographic tools to study the nature of illness and treat disease. Long ago, medical specialists recognized that a bird’s eye view of sickness can facilitate the discovery of viral transmission routes. This information can be used to guide behavior designed to slow infection rates. For example, one can reduce the threat of Lyme disease, plague, and hantavirus by staying away from the Northeastern U.S., central Africa, and rural New Mexico respectively. In addition to disease, maps reveal important information about social divisions, character, and how we organize our lives. Here are four: education, poverty, punishment, and language. 1. Education: Gaps in Achievement This map of the Chicago metropolitan area shows a well-defined cluster of graduate degrees (blue) in the city center Source: Walker (2016) / Urban Studies Demographic studies show how the neighborhood in which you were raised can dramatically alter future earnings, longevity, and educational outcomes—all of which are interconnected. The association between educational achievement and geography is striking. Each dot on the maps shown here represents between 25 and 500 people, depending on the level of zoom. The dots are color-coded based on five education categories (blue=graduate degree, green=bachelor’s degree, yellow=some college, orange=high school, red=less than high school). The colored bars on the left represent the proportional share of each category for the geographic area displayed on the screen. Map of metropolitan New York City including most of the area in four of the five boroughs (Staten Island to the south is not in the frame). Source: Walker (2016) / Urban Studies In each of these cities residents of the inner hub are more likely to have graduate degrees. Income is positively related to education level, consistent with the affordability of those city spaces. These maps colorfully illustrate distinct clustering patterns of scholarly achievement that extend into the political and social realms. Similar maps on a national scale show an educational divide among rural and urban areas. Degree holders at bachelor’s and graduate levels tend to cluster in cities, as opposed to rural areas where education beyond high school is less common. Map of Manhattan from the Upper West side extending to W 155th St in Upper Manhattan. The rectangular area near the center of the island with no dots is Central Park. Source: Walker (2016) / Urban Studies The maps of Chicago and New York are compelling because they highlight the variation within crowded urban areas. In some instances, the contrast between bordering neighborhoods is unmistakable, reflecting gaps in achievement related to racial and economic partitioning. Manhattan is almost entirely an island of degree holders with some blue areas extending into Brooklyn, Queens, and the New Jersey side across the Hudson River. The largely working-class neighborhood of East Harlem, dappled red and yellow on the map, provides a stark contrast to the rich blue of the Upper East Side. 2. Poverty: Food Insecurity and Longevity Despite improvements in recent years, rates of “food insecurity,” defined by the United States Department of Agriculture as being “unable to acquire, at some time during the year, enough food to meet the needs of all their members because they had insufficient money or other resources for food” remain higher than before 2007. Households meeting the criteria for food insecurity may need to make trade-offs between housing, medical bills, or other vital essentials, and purchasing nutritionally suitable foods. The USDA estimates that 42 million Americans, including 13 million children were food insecure in 2015. According to Feeding America, the nation’s largest domestic hunger-relief organization dedicated ending hunger through a network of 200 food banks and 60,000 food pantries, food insecurity varies by geographic region and metropolitan status as well. Since 2010, they have published annual maps that show the distribution of food insecurity across counties in the United States. Counties in the South have highest mean rate (16.1%), compared to regional county averages in the West (13.7%), Midwest (12.1%), and Northeast (11.8%). Food insecurity is also disproportionately rural: 63% of all counties in the United States are rural, but account for 76% of the counties with food insecurity rates that rank in the top 10% of all counties. From 2001 to 2014, the gap in life spans between the wealthy and poor in the United States widened. Analyses of income reveal that, among American men, the top one percent live 15 years longer compared to the poorest one percent; the gap is 10 years for women. This accelerated gain in longevity for the rich is not confined to certain regions of the country. It seems that everywhere in the United States the wealthiest are living longer. As a whole, the poorest had very little gain, with large disparities among different locations. Geography, from what these data suggest, matters more for the poor. 3. Discipline: Corporal Punishment for Children Corporal punishment is the deliberate infliction of physical pain upon a student with intention of causing bodily pain as a means of discipline. According to the United States Department of Education, as of 2017, the District of Columbia and 27 other states prohibit corporal punishment. The remaining 23 states permit it or do not have specific restrictions. Corporal Punishment, by School District. A white border around a state indicates corporal punishment is explicitly permitted. Source: The 2013-2014 Civil Rights Data Collection. Map created by the U.S. Department of Education. Despite evidence that corporal punishment may lead to alcohol abuse, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, and make a child more aggressive, defiant, oppositional, the practice remains widespread in the United States. Nationally, 110,000 students were subjected to corporal punishment in school during the 2013-2014 academic year, according to the U.S. Department of Education's Civil Rights Data Collection. 4. Linguistics: Variation in Regional Expressions In the United States, preferences for generic names of soft drinks vary regionally. Individuals in New England and California prefer the term “soda.” The upper Midwest extending out to the Pacific Northwest favors “pop.” While southern states tend to say “Coke” when referring to the entire category of soft drinks that includes Sprite, Dr. Pepper, and Mountain Dew. The world headquarters for Coca-Cola are located in Atlanta. This might explain part of the preference that dominates the south. It is not unusual for servers in restaurants to ask, “What kind?” when a customer orders a coke. An equally appropriate response might be, “I’ll have a Sprite.” Regional Preferences for Generic Names of Soft Drinks. Source: Mundigl (2009) Twitter, the social media platform that allows users to type out messages with a maximum 280 characters in most languages, is overflowing with personal, emotional, and behavioral content. Savvy analysts can then turn "tweet" data into revealing geographic displays. One linguistic analysis revealed that tweets originating from the upper mid-west (Ohio, Iowa, Minnesota) were more likely to contain the word “buddy” compared to tweets from other regions. The term “dude” was popular in Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, and parts of the south and southwest, including Louisiana, portions of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and Southern California. The region in central Texas extending roughly from Dallas to San Antonio preferred “bro” over “dude”. ©2020 Kevin Bennett PhD. All rights reserved. Education Subtitle: Don't forget real differences in education, poverty, punishment, and language. Blog to Post to: Modern Minds Teaser Text: We are divided politically and culturally, but our differences go far beyond that. Regional variation in education, poverty, punishment, and language underscores the deep divide. Teaser Image: Mature Audiences Only: Images: Content Topics: Education Parenting Law and Crime Health Geographical Psychology Punishment Media Politics Cognition Display on News: Approved for Facebook Instant Articles: 0 Reference: Afifi, T. O., Mota, N. P., Dasiewicz, P., MacMillan, H. L., & Sareen, J. (2012). Physical punishment and mental disorders: Results from a nationally representative US sample. Pediatrics, 130(2), 184-192. doi:10.1542/peds.2011-2947 Bitensky, S. H. (2008). The poverty of precedent for school corporal punishment’s constitutionality under the Eighth Amendment. University of Cincinnati Law Review, 77, 1331. Feeding America (2017). Overall food insecurity report 2017 (pp.1-43). Retrieved from map.feedingamerica.org Mundigl , R. (2009, August 18). Choropleth Map Template USA by Counties. Retrieved February 04, 2018, from http://www.clearlyandsimply.com/clearly_and_simply/2009/08/choropleth-map-template-usa-by-counties.html Walker, Kyle E. (2016). Locating neighbourhood diversity in the American metropolis. Urban Studies. Huang, Y., Guo, D., Kasakoff, A., & Grieve, J. (2016). Understanding U.S. regional linguistic variation with twitter data analysis. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 59, 244-255. 10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2015.12.003 QScore Date: Basic: Education Clinical Pathways UUID: b92a635f-b400-4c0b-9bfc-169e4b18d585 Add basics content to this post: Auto......
Guardian columnist implies his heart attack was CAUSED by Jeremy Corbyn's politics, gets mercilessly mocked...
1 day ago
Guardian columnist Rafael Behr wants readers to spare a thought for him, after implying that covering the Brexit melee and worrying about Jeremy Corbyn’s alleged anti-Semitism gave him a literal heart attack. Ridicule ensued. Read Full Article at RT.com......
The local politics of AirBNB’s ban on DC rentals...
2 days ago
Traumatized residents, city officials fear a repeat of January 6 insurrection.......
For the People or for Power? Wielding the ICC Gavel in a World of Power Politics...
3 days ago
The ICC remains guilty of a ‘complacency of complementarity’, wherein the Court heralds the dispensing of distanced justice over respecting existing national processes.......
Healing the Self from the Politics of Resentment...
3 days ago
Source: cottonbro/pexels “Never wrestle with a pig. You'll both get dirty, and the pig likes it.” – George Bernard Shaw Shaw's words likely resonate painfully with many Americans, regardless of political affiliation. Over almost half a decade of cultural civil war, we’ve all endured the same miserable experience. No one asked for this; no one got what they wanted or needed. And it’s highly likely that every one of us, at least once, has spoken or acted out of sheer malice for our countrymen, and endured their cruelty in kind. No human being can thrive in such a poisonous environment. You get sick; you spread that sickness; you sicken yourself. You are made complicit in a state of psychic violence. It gets inside you. The depth of these wounds, the universality of the experience, may be partially attributed to the human animal's remarkable emotional intelligence. One of the most potent tools of that unique intelligence is its power of imaginative empathy. In Such Stuff as Dreams: The Psychology of Fiction, Keith Oatley writes that “empathic mirroring of emotions suggests a perspective on perceiving others’ emotional experiences not as states that one simply sees out there in the world, as one might see a tree or a lamp-post, but as empathic ways of attuning to others… It is central to social life.” This is normally an adaptive, even healthy, ability. Empathy is a huge part of what makes us human. But empathic connection can make social interactions feel hyperreal, even more vivid and valid than our actual personal experiences – to the point that they subconsciously shift our sense of reality. Daniel Kelly writes that empathy can be “not only automatic but unconscious as well, and thus one can become ‘infected’ with another’s emotions unknowingly. When this kind of ‘emotional contagion’ occurs (Hatfield et al. 1994), a person may enter into an emotional state of the same type as the person she is interacting with, even if the infector isn’t aware she is in or is expressing that emotion, and the infected isn’t aware she has empathically detected the expression and come to share the emotion” (Yuck! The Nature and Moral Significance of Disgust). Spend enough time interacting with another person, ally or enemy, and they get in your head. Discourse shapes our thinking. I'm sure many of you have experienced the horrifying realization that, after an especially deep social media dive, you've actually started thinking in Tweets: Incomplete sentences. CAPS LOCK! And Buzzwords that are Randomly Capitalized for no apparent Reason [1/1] And when the emotions involved in social empathy are ugly, so is the internal experience. Disgust makes us feel both disgusted and disgusting. Hate makes us hateful and deserving of hate. Or consider contempt, a complex affective state that Gershen Kaufman in The Psychology of Shame defines as “a blend of dissmell and anger, is the communicator of and is also experienced as rejection. By distancing the self from whatever arouses that contempt, it also elevates the self above others. The object of contempt, be it self or other, is found offensive, something to be repudiated. Contempt adds punishing anger to distancing dissmell.” And yet the experience of such a negative emotion is not entirely unpleasant. In fact, “[c]ontempt can be quite an enjoyable emotion” (Paul Ekman, Emotions Revealed). Looking down at a defeated and degraded enemy, especially an ideological rival, is a dangerous high. Total victory is far more than an affirmation of our superiority; it provides an illusion of something like omnipotence. Thus the experience of contempt – of orienting and defining the self in terms of its superiority to a perceived adversary – also relates to the pathology of narcissism, and the damage inflicted by narcissistic injuries. In The Atlantic Monthly, Olga Khazan observes “narcissistic rivalry, or the wish to dominate others” was found to be mutually exclusive with intrinsic self-worth: “those with narcissism see the world as a zero-sum game. Only one person can be the best, they think, and it must be them” (“The Self-Confidence Tipping Point”). So whenever our self-worth is threatened, or even when we are merely denied an expected moment of contemptuous superiority, the narcissistic impulse is to lash out at our perceived enemies. Michael Kernis et al. observe that for “individuals with fragile high self-esteem, positive feelings of worth often depend on matching some criterion representing what it means to be worthy… To ward off such drops, individuals with fragile high self-esteem often overreact to perceived threats to their self-worth by becoming angry and either criticizing or attacking the source of the threat” (“Secure Versus Fragile High Self-Esteem”). Contempt, narcissism, and frailty are the building blocks of what Friedrich Nietzsche called a politics of resentment. Nietzsche believed that resentment is experienced by “creatures who, deprived as they are of the proper outlet of action, are forced to find their compensation in an imaginary revenge.” Resentment is an ideology built, not on the positive or affirmative values of the self, but on opposition to the values of a perceived adversary. “Every sufferer, in fact, searches instinctively for a cause of his suffering… a sentient responsible doer… something living, on which, either actually or in effigy, he can on any pretext vent his emotions. For the venting of emotions is the sufferer's greatest attempt at alleviation, that is to say, stupefaction, his mechanically desired narcotic against pain of any kind” (The Genealogy of Morals). A culture where discourse is defined by rigid power dynamics and binary outcomes, where empathic imagination generates a feedback loop of personal loathing and the loathing of the people you loathe – the psychological harm, both collectively and to the individual, is incalculable. The whole world is defined by the people you hate – ideological disagreement becomes a brutally tug of war, a zero-sum contest that totally validates the ideology of the winner and annihilates the loser. The contempt experienced in victory is empowering, intoxicating, but that means that the consequences are even more devastating when the tables are inevitably turned. When you’re winning, you’re laughing at the loser. When you’re losing, you feel even lower than the people you were just laughing at. We’ve spent four years in that tug of war. We’ve all tasted the mud. Americans have spent almost half a decade honing the weapons and armor needed for psychological warfare; these swords won't easily be made into ploughshares. If the process of disassociating from such degradation was fast and simple, you would have done it already. The self is a complex system that slowly, incrementally, integrates new resources and rebuilds around damaged structures; new habits that magically become second nature, seemingly inexplicable moments of insight and catharsis, are in actuality the products of months of painstaking labor in the subconscious. I seriously doubt that anything I write here will meaningfully accelerate this process, for anyone. All I can do is hope is that, for a few of you, it might help to ease along some of those incremental changes. You are still a valuable and worthwhile person. You are better than your own worst impulses. You are smarter than your least intelligent arguments. You are kinder than your capacity for cruelty and the cruelty you observe in others. But you can be a better American by committing, right now, to a better, saner America. And if you can accomplish that, then as far as I'm concerned, you deserve total absolution from all the shame and spite and constant dehumanization of the past four years. That’s what I keep reminding myself, at least. I still haven’t totally internalized it; I still have plenty of those all-too-familiar moments of outrage, anguish, futility. But when those moments occur, I do my best to take a breath, and then I try to reorient myself toward the process of recovery. The processes of restoring the self and building a better world for everyone are inextricably intertwined. We all owe that to ourselves, and to one another. Copyright, Fletcher Wortmann, 2021 Politics Subtitle: We’ve spent four years in a tug of war. We’ve all tasted the mud. Blog to Post to: Triggered Teaser Text: Americans have spent almost half a decade honing the weapons and armor needed for psychological warfare; these swords won’t easily be made into ploughshares. Teaser Image: Mature Audiences Only: Images: Content Topics: Politics Stress Anxiety Self-Help OCD Empathy Self-Esteem Narcissism Display on News: Approved for Facebook Instant Articles: 0 Reference: Paul Ekman. Emotions Revealed: Recognizing Faces and Feelings to Improve Communication and Emotional Life. 2nd edition. St. Martins, New York, NY, 2007. p. 58. Gershen Kaufman. The Psychology of Shame: Theory and Treatment of Shame-Based Syndromes. Springer Publishing Co, New York, NY, 1989. p. 108. Daniel Kelly. Yuck! The Nature and Moral Significance of Disgust. Bradford Books, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2011. p. 68. Michael H. Kernis, Chad E. Lakey, and Whitney L. Heppner. “Secure Versus Fragile High Self-Esteem as a Predictor of Verbal Defensiveness: Converging Findings Across Three Different Markers.” Journal of Personality, 76:3, June, 2008. pp. 479, 498. Olga Khazan. “The Self-Confidence Tipping Point.” The Atlantic Monthly, Oct. 11, 2019. Friedrich Nietzsche. The Genealogy of Morals, 1887. Trans. Horace B. Samuel, Boni and Liveright, New York, NY, 1925. en.wikisource.org/wiki/The Genealogy of Morals. Accessed January 09, 2021. pp. 17, 134. Keith Oatley. Such Stuff As Dreams: The Psychology of Fiction. Wiley-Blackwell, Malden MA, 2011. p. 113. QScore Date: Add basics content to this post: Auto Quote......
Dana White reiterated his 20-year friendship with Trump after being asked if he regrets getting involved in politics: 'I'm not a political person'...
3 days ago
Summary List PlacementFIGHT ISLAND — Dana White was asked if he regretted getting involved in politics considering how toxic the current climate is, but the UFC boss didn't answer and just reiterated his long-standing relationship with Donald Trump. Speaking to MMA Junkie during the first week of the UFC's third Fight Island festival in Abu Dhabi, White said: "I'm not a political person as it is, but … I've been friends with this guy for 20 years." White's friendship with the president began in 2001 when Trump persuaded him to hold his first event as the UFC boss, UFC 30, at one of his properties — the Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City, New Jersey. White has spoken at Republican National Conventions, said he "doesn't give a s---" if the UFC loses fans because of his association with Trump, and regularly takes calls from Trump after his combat sports events. "This guy has been such a good friend to me," White said of Trump in 2020. "He's unbelievable. He's awesome. I love the guy. I'd do anything for him." Trump has found himself increasingly isolated in The White House after he lost the presidential election in November, and got impeached for a second time as the House of Representatives charged him for "incitement of insurrection" over his role in catalyzing a deadly riot at the US Capitol on January 6. As Insider reported the day after that violence, "Trump is now more isolated than ever as his administration is in its last gasps, but the wheels of the democracy he sought to destroy keep turning." Trump is now in "self-pity mode," is isolated, and despondent as White House aides have either resigned or left, leaving the president largely alone, according to CNN and The Washington Post. Read more: Dana White and the UFC are exploring whether micro-dosing on psychedelics could help reduce brain trauma Jake Paul's merciless trolling of Conor McGregor's fight team continues as he belittles the Irishman's sparring partner Manny Pacquiao says he wants to fight Conor McGregor 'right now' Georges St. Pierre says he used to cry before bouts early in his career and never enjoyed fighting in the UFC Khabib Nurmagomedov had a $100 million offer to fight Floyd Mayweather and Dana White was 'on board,' says managerSEE ALSO: The pound-for-pound 10 best fighters in the MMA world right now Join the conversation about this story » NOW WATCH: What happened when I tried to cut my own hair at home......
Trump Pioneered Post-Truth Politics, And The Morrison Government Wants To Bring It Here...
3 days ago
Our leaders have watched the chaotic, vile, and corrosive politics embodied by Trump, and have been taking notes. They want to bring it here. The post Trump Pioneered Post-Truth Politics, And The Morrison Government Wants To Bring It Here appeared first on Junkee.......
How Biden Can Navigate a New Era in South Korean Politics...
3 days ago
The future of U.S.-ROK relations depends on the United States understanding the priorities of South Korea’s now-dominant liberals.......
How the threat of violence has haunted politics in the Trump era...
4 days ago
Chris Hayes: The threat of violence is “the reality, the menace, the intolerable ingredient that Donald Trump has helped add to politics in this era. And it threatens the very core of liberal democracy itself.”......